‘Shell from national number three in the emissions ranking to CO2-neutral in 2050’
Shell’s CO2 emissions will have already fallen by 25 percent by 2026, the multinational promises. CO2 is collected and recycled or stored. Shell will also have trucks running on hydrogen, and to make this possible, Shell is installing filling stations throughout Europe. Shell wants to make energy production greener with three wind farms in the North Sea.
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By collecting and storing CO2, the company aims to emit 60 percent less carbon by 2036, ten years after the 25 percent. All this in relation to emissions in 2020. Not only will CO2 on site be reduced, but customers’ emissions will also be reduced by ten percent in 2026 and by 60 percent in 2036. Then 58 percent of all Shell deliveries must also be clean. It is possible with the current initiatives, says Jos van Winsen, director of Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Rotterdam. “We are currently the third largest emitter of CO2 in the Netherlands, and we will reduce that to zero in 2050. We will also be asked to do so if we want to heat the earth less. In 2030, the reduction of CO2 will be 50 percent compared to 2020. We will achieve those goals. ‘
“We currently send CO2 through pipelines from our factories to greenhouses, where they help plants grow. CO2 also goes to gas pipes for stoves. We are also collaborating with the start-up Nordsol, which ferments food leftovers from the supermarket, from which we make bioenergy. We sell this through our LNG network in Europe. The biogas plant we are building at this site will supply low carbon gasoline. 25 percent of all CO2 we produce will soon be stored in empty gas fields under the North Sea. We are in the process of realizing another storage facility in the gas fields, where Germany, and in particular the Ruhr area, can also store CO2. Conversely, we will soon supply them with green hydrogen. Our new REFA plant will produce biofuels and meet the 50 percent CO2 reduction, our target for 2030. And we recently decided to build the largest hydrogen plant in Europe with more than 150 partners on Maasvlakte 2; Hi Holland Hydrogen 1. This will mean that other factories will be closed, but we still have no insight into which and when. ‘
Spokesman Mark Potma: ‘There are so many developments on the way, not everything can be foreseen for us. We know that CO2 is needed to make synthetic fuel. Not much is being produced yet, but we expect that to change in the future. Then it is useful to have so much CO2 available. ‘
Synthetic fuel can be used in means of transport that today still use fossil fuels. Aircraft can also be made greener with this. ‘It is not yet financially possible’, says Van Winsen and explains that Shell chooses the ‘most economical’ solutions. Potma: ‘Last year we showed that it is possible to fly with synthetic fuel during a test.’
Shell has a wind farm on the coast near IJmuiden, which generates approximately 795 megawatts. Potma: ‘This was our first, the second in Borssele is almost ready, and there will be another park in the northern sea area, which will hopefully be ready next year. The wind farm at IJmuiden is already fifteen years old, it was more of a test with which we could learn what we can do with wind energy. We can and must not generate solar energy at our refinery. Assuming there is a spark at such a panel, it can have catastrophic consequences. We invest in large solar parks, such as recently in Heerenveen, Sas van Gent and Emmen. The impact of solar energy parks is less than offshore wind farms, which is also one of the reasons why we choose wind energy. We must always think far ahead. The new wind farms were conceived about seven years ago, and this also applies to our biofuel factory. The fact that petrol is now so expensive does not mean that we immediately switch to other professions. In a year, the price may have dropped considerably again. ‘
Van Winsen: ‘We are currently one of the first and fastest in the Netherlands to switch to alternative fuels. The problem is only the government, which sets many goals but comes up with too few policies. Regulation is slow. We can not do it alone, other companies will have to follow suit. The EU, America and Asia can help by introducing new legislation and forcing airlines to switch to other fuels. That we are going to use the hydrogen that we have to produce ourselves is because we can not get rid of it yet. It is a great pity that the rules and legislation are going so slowly. In Germany, we now take the risk by leasing hydrogen-powered trucks to companies. There is already a company in Winschoten that produces hydrogen on which these trucks run. It’s all very small, but we run a risk by doing so. We believe in it so much. “
Because there is no real market for hydrogen transportation yet, Shell wants to develop it. ‘By starting the Hello Holland Hydrogen 1 factory and supplying filling sites throughout Europe from 2023, we want to switch heavy vehicles such as trucks to hydrogen. With these filling points, we ensure that hydrogen is available throughout Europe, so that trucks do not run out of fuel ‘, says Potma.
“As long as those trucks are not there yet because they need to be built and we do not expect them until 2025, we will use the hydrogen here to produce fossil fuels. It may be fossil, but made in a clean way, so we reach the first goal of 25 percent less emissions by 2026. All of this puts us ahead of the curve, because hydrogen is already there before trucks are made on hydrogen. We hope to give it a boost. ‘
The oil and gas group Shell plans to reduce net CO2 emissions at its large petrochemical complex in Moerdijk to zero within ten years. The company focuses on hydrogen and the capture and storage of CO2 released at Shell Chemicals Park Moerdijk.
Shell will set aside billions for this goal in the coming years. The company is working on plans for the construction of an installation that produces hydrogen from residual gases that are released during production processes in the chemical park. Shell can then use this hydrogen to heat the industrial furnaces. The CO2 released during the production of hydrogen can be collected and stored in old gas fields under the seabed.
In addition, Shell will build a new factory to make new chemical raw materials from difficult-to-recycle plastic waste. As a result, there is a need for fewer oil products. The plant is expected to be operational in 2024.
“Shell Chemicals Park Moerdijk wants to accelerate the energy transition, be a frontrunner in the transformation of the Dutch chemical industry and grow by making more circular, low-carbon products for its customers and society,” said Richard Zwinkels of Shell Moerdijk in a statement. ‘We have three main goals: net zero emissions within ten years, increased use of circular and biologically based raw materials and doubling the number of chemical products by investing in new product lines.’
Shell Moerdijk is one of the largest chemical complexes in Europe. Basic chemicals are made, which can be found in products such as plastics, soaps, insulation materials and sports shoes.